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      考古Archaeology英語作文

      來源:apple 編輯:apple 時間:2017-05-18
      考古Archaeology英語作文

      Archaeology is a source of history, not just a bumble auxiliary discipline. Archaeological data are historical documents in their own right, not mere illustrations to written texts, Just as much as any other historian, an archaeologist studies and tries to reconstitute the process that has created the human world in which we live - and us ourselves in so far as we are each creatures of our age and social environment. Archaeological data are all changes in the material world resulting from human action or, more succinctly, the fossilized results of human behavior. The sum total of these constitutes what may be called the archaeological record. This record exhibits certain peculiarities and deficiencies the consequences of which produce a rather superficial contrast between archaeological history and the more familiar kind based upon written records.
      Not all human behavior fossilizes. The words I utter and you hear as vibrations in the air are certainly human changes in the material world and may be of great historical significance. Yet they leave no sort of trace in the archaeological records unless they are captured by a dictaphone or written down by a clerk. The movement of troops on the battlefield may "change the course of history," but this is equally ephemeral from the archaeologist's standpoint. What is perhaps worse, most organic materials are perishable. Everything made of wood, hide, wool, linen, grass, hair, and similar materials will decay and vanish in dust in a few years or centuries, save under very exceptional conditions. In a relatively brief period the archaeological record is reduce to mere scraps of stone, bone, glass, metal, and earthenware. Still modern archaeology, by applying appropriate techniques and comparative methods, aided by a few lucky finds from peat-bogs, deserts, and frozen soils, is able to fill up a good deal of the gap.

      考古Archaeology英語作文

      考古學是歷史的來源,而不是一個大黃蜂的輔助學科。考古學的資料就是歷史文獻在自己的權利,而不是單純的文字資料的插圖,正象任何一位歷史學家,考古學家研究調查并盡力去重構一個創造了人類世界的過程中,我們的生活-與我們自身,因為我們都是我們所處的時代和社會環境的產物。考古學的資料就是在物質世界人類行為的改變,從而導致更簡潔地說,是石化了的人類行為。對這些變化的總和構成了我們所說的考古學記錄。本記錄自有其獨特和不足產生的后果,其中一個對考古歷史和更熟悉的文字記載歷史進行相當膚淺的對比。

      并不是所有的人類行為都留下化石。我說出的話,你如空氣振動聽到的肯定人類在物質世界的變化,也可能是具有重大歷史意義。然而,他們沒有留下任何考古記錄中的排序,除非它們被捕獲跟蹤由錄音機或寫的文員了。在戰場上軍隊的行動可能“改變歷史的進程“,但從這同樣是從考古學的角度來看短暫的。可能更糟的是,多數有機物質會腐爛。任何由木頭,生皮,毛,麻,草,毛發以及相似物質會腐爛并消失在塵土中,幾年或幾個世紀以后,非常特殊的條件下保存。在相對短暫的時期,考古記錄是減少為石頭,骨頭,玻璃,金屬和陶器的碎片。然而,現代考古學通過運用適當的技術和比較的方法,通過從泥炭沼澤,沙漠和凍土中一些幸運發現的輔助,能夠填補這個空缺的一個很好的協議。

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